Indoor vines - care: watering, reproduction, transplanting, shaping, rejuvenation. Types of indoor vines



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Houseplants

Indoor vines or climbing indoor plants Probably everyone has plants at home. After all, a real florist will not tolerate empty walls and will definitely hang at least a couple of pots. But lianas are not only flowers for decorating walls. Many indoor vines feel great, twisting around special stands and ladders for flowers. In this case, the plant is formed in a special way.
There are many varieties of indoor vines. There is a whole classification of these colors. But they are united by some general rules of care, which often differ from the principles of growing ordinary plants. Therefore, before you start a curly green beauty at home, find out in more detail how to care for a vine at home.

Such similar and different vines

Almost all lianas are inhabitants of humid, warm tropics. They grow very quickly (at least most of them), easily propagate by cuttings and quickly take root. Perhaps that is why flower growers love them so much. For example, a climbing cypress liana, or Kvamoklit pinnate, can grow by 2.5 m during the growing season.

Despite the similarity in general characteristics, vines are still very different. They can be flexible or have a herbaceous stem, or they can become lignified as they mature. In addition, they differ in the possibilities of vegetative growth: they can be annual and perennial, evergreen and, conversely, deciduous.

Indoor vines are mostly evergreen and perennial. And this is understandable: who wants to look at a long, bare stem all winter? It is the herbaceous vines that are grown at home, and flexible or ligneous ones can be planted on the personal plot.

And vines are also divided into classes depending on the method that the plant uses to attach to the surface during growth. If the vine is attached to the support with roots, then it is a kornelazyvaya vine, if with lateral branches or tendril shoots, then it is curly or tendril-bearing. And with suction cups, the leaning vines cling to the support.

Most often, amateur flower growers breed curly vines. Their shoots can be twisted around the support, forming a beautiful spiral-shaped plant.

Among the indoor vines, there are many beloved flowering plants: Clerodendron, Ivy, Bougainvillea, Passionflower, Monstera, Philodendron, Hoya and many others. For example, I was very surprised when I found out that even among the cacti there are vines.

How to care for a room vine

A common feature of all plants of this type is the need for diffused lighting and high humidity. Direct rays of the sun are harmful to vines: even wax ivy, which I witnessed, under the sun can get burned leaves. And the low humidity in the room leads to the fact that you become the owner of a bare stem with a couple of decrepit leaves at the top. Therefore, the first thing you should do for your indoor vine is to provide it with diffused light and moist air.

Lighting

Most indoor vines like partial shade or even a little shading. But some people need a brighter light. These are the species that have "variegated", that is, multi-colored leaves: Scindapsus, Cissus, Syngonium, Ceropegia. Bright light, but in no case direct sunlight, otherwise burns in the form of brown spots will appear on the leaves. The pot with a vine must be turned all the time so that all sides of the plant receive the same share of illumination, otherwise the vine will stretch in one direction and remain forever lopsided.

If you decide to decorate a dark room with a vine, then ivy will suit you. Monstera is also suitable, as well as Cissus Antarctic and Roicissus rhombic.

Watering, humidification, temperature and fresh air

It is not for nothing that I have combined all these parameters into one group - they are all interconnected. For indoor vines, moderate temperatures, good ventilation and humid air are considered ideal conditions.

The temperature in winter should not drop below 16 ° C. I do not think that in city apartments it can be colder than 16 ° C, but if yours is cooler, then you will need to turn on additional heating, but not in the immediate vicinity of the flowers. In summer, the temperature should ideally not exceed 20-22 ° C, and the heat must be fought by constantly spraying the plant with cool water. In winter, by the way, you also need to moisten the vines, but the water for spraying should be warm.

Water the indoor vine I advise in the morning or evening, but not in the afternoon. And spray in the same mode, you can even 2 times a day. Watering is carried out as the top layer of the soil dries out. Try not to overmoisten the plant, especially since the soil can remain wet for a long time under the lush cap of leaves. Water for watering indoor vines should not be cold, otherwise the root system can get sick and rot.

If your house is dry, the heating system greatly heats the air in the apartment, then you will have to give up the idea of ​​keeping a vine in the house - they will constantly hurt and wither. I once grew ivy near a battery - it did not grow, but barely survived. And in the summer, when I took it out into the fresh air, the ivy grew and began to sprout.

Lianas are very fond of fresh air. But this does not mean that they are not afraid of drafts. Place the climbing plant under a wall so that the jets of air freshen it up without catching a cold.

And, of course, a common feature of all vines is the need for humid air. You already know how to spray a liana, but indoor lianas need to have a shower at least once a month. Dust is difficult to remove from their leaves, so it must be washed off. If this is not done, a spider mite may settle on the plant.

When bathing vines in the shower, make the water slightly warm, but keep in mind that the pressure of the water should not be strong, otherwise you risk breaking leaves and shoots.

Soil and vine transplant

If you bought a vine in a temporary pot, then within two weeks it will need to be transplanted to a permanent place of "residence". It is better not to transplant the indoor liana, but to transfer it with a lump of earth so as not to injure the roots of the plant. And try to keep the plant when transplanting so as not to break the shoots. It is better to transplant the vine with an assistant.

Soil for indoor vines you need a fertile, but light, neutral or slightly acidic reaction. You can use a mixture of turf, humus and leafy soil. And you can take ready-made mixtures: "Saintpaulia", "Begonia", "Cactus-plus".

Some vines grow so low above the flowerpot that the soil is not visible, but since they like loose soil, take a thin long stick to loosen the soil in the pot with it.

As for feeding, vines need it, like other plants. If they are fertilized, they grow faster, and their leaves are juicier and thicker, and if the feeding is neglected, the vines can “go bald”. As a fertilizer, you can use a mullein diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, or you can feed the vines with a complex mineral fertilizer.

Formation of a room vine

Giving a growing liana direction and shaping the exterior is a very crucial moment in caring for a plant. And since you have a vine, you will definitely need a support, potted or wall-mounted. Climbing plants can form themselves by braiding a support or climbing a wall, but it's better if you do this. To do this, the branches that you want to split open need to be pinched in the zone of the apical shoot so that the lateral processes go.

If you want to get a long central whip branch, then constantly wrap it around the support in the direction you need and carefully fix it - for this I use small baby crab hairpins.

If your indoor vine (for example, Passionflower) crawls itself using antennae, control its progress and remove unnecessary whiskers in time so that the vine does not get lost on the route.

Rejuvenation and reproduction

Many indoor vines, as they grow older, shed the lower leaves, as a result of which a bare whip with a dozen leaves at the end remains. This happens especially often in herbaceous vines after winter. In this case, the plant needs rejuvenation: the apical stalk with leaves is cut and rooted. The old plant is cut almost to half: this way it will branch more strongly. Sections must be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

A top cut from an old plant can be placed in water to take root. But many indoor vines (the same Ivy) have aerial roots, and therefore the cutting can be immediately dug into the ground.

For quick rooting, the cut of the cuttings is treated with Kornevin, or with folk remedies - aloe juice or Kalanchoe juice.

In addition to the vegetative method, vines are propagated by seeds. For example, I sowed Passiflora and got a very good result in the form of strong shoots. But I do not recommend propagating other types of vines in this way.

In addition to seed propagation and rooting of the apical cuttings, some vines can be planted using a propagation method such as dividing a bush.

Diseases

Almost all lianas diseases are associated with water imbalance.

If you notice that the plant has begun to weaken and lose leaves, then it is quite possible that the reason is that its roots are rotting. This happens when waterlogging and a shift in the pH of the soil to the acidic side. But the indoor liana sheds its leaves and in the case of too low humidity in the room, just before falling, the leaves dry out.

Dry air and lack of moisture leads to the fact that spider mites, aphids and scale insects start in indoor vines. It is difficult to get rid of them: you will need to spray twice with Fitoverm or Aktellik insecticides.

So it is better to prevent the disease by observing all the rules of agricultural technology for vines, and then any of them will become a decoration of your home.

Literature

  1. Indoor Plants Information
  2. Information about Vines

Sections: Indoor plants Ornamental-deciduous Indoor vines


Madagascar jasmine or stephanotis: home care, the nuances of pruning and shaping vines for abundant flowering

Stefanotis (Madagascar jasmine, Marsdenia) is a genus of creeping vines of the Lastovnev family. But a clear framework has not yet been established, whether it is independent or is it a representative of the Kutrovs subfamily. It is also not fully understood whether Stephanotis is succulent or not. It has a bright crown of flowers, 5 characteristic stamens, but it lacks the aroma characteristic of succulents. Stephanotis got its name from the Greek “stephanos” (crown) and “otos” (ear) because of the similarity of its flowers with petals wrapped like ears, a crown.

This crop is not yet as common for home growing as other indoor plants. It is believed that she is quite capricious in leaving. And it is preferable to grow it in greenhouses. But if you create certain conditions and adhere to some rules for care, then you can grow a luxurious vine with abundant flowering.

  1. Popular species and varieties
  2. Home care
  3. Location and choice of flowerpot
  4. Soil and drainage
  5. Planting and transplanting
  6. Content temperature
  7. Watering and humidity
  8. Lighting
  9. Top dressing and fertilizers
  10. Flowering and resting period
  11. Pruning and shaping creepers
  12. Reproduction methods
  13. Features of seasonal care
  14. Care errors and their elimination
  15. Diseases and pests
  16. Stefanotis in the house: signs and superstitions

Popular types and varieties for home cultivation

Bougainvillea is home to the rainforests of Brazil. Its branches in the wild grow up to 5 m in length, and gradually lignify. Smooth oval-shaped leaves, slightly pointed at the ends, are placed throughout the stem. In nature, there are 14-18 species of bougainvillea.

Only some types are suitable for cultivation in indoor conditions:

  • Naked, smooth (glabra) - has a smooth, almost thornless stem. The leaf plates are smooth, bright green. Small yellow flowers surround large crimson bracts. The plant blooms profusely in April-June. Many new hybrid varieties have been developed on the basis of this species.
  • Wonderful (spectabilis) Is a fast-growing liana with a powerful stem. Leaves are dense, pubescent, ovoid. The flowers are collected in panicles, 2-3 pieces are placed on the bracts of a bright red, purple, greenish-pink hue. At home, this bougainvillea grows on rocky soils, it can reach a length of 10-15 m.
  • Peruvian - has a green stem without side shoots. The leaves are narrow, with a smooth surface. Small thorns are hidden at their base. Bracts are slightly wrinkled, terry, from bright pink to purple hue. They contain yellowish flowers. The species is characterized by long and lush flowering.

Popular bougainvillea varieties:

  • Australian Gold
  • Black india red
  • Brilliant
  • California gold
  • Laterita
  • Magic
  • Rubiana.


Growing conditions

Schefflera is a rather unpretentious plant

Schefflera home - a rather unpretentious plant, and it is not difficult to grow it indoors. You just need to remember where it comes from, and try, if possible, to create an environment close to the natural conditions of growth in the wild.

Many varieties of this plant are adapted to home conditions. Florists who successfully grow the sheffler indoors note that for good growth and development of this plant, you need to follow simple rules:

  1. You should not put the plant pot in a dark place or where it will be cramped.
  2. It is not necessary to allow waterlogging or prolonged overdrying of the earthen coma.

Further you will learn about other conditions for growing shefflers. We will tell you about the soil, lighting, temperature and air humidity that are best for the plant, as well as the dormant period that you need to create for it during the cold season.

The plant will delight with luxurious leaves if:

  • transplant the plant into a pot of the desired size with a suitable earthy mixture
  • put it on the sill of the east or west window (on the south window, the sheffler will need to shade from direct sunlight)
  • water sparingly as the top layer of the earth dries up

And now we will consider these and other conditions for growing shefflers in more detail.

The soil

Dredge for shefflers can be prepared by yourself

Earthen mixture for planting and transplanting a plant should be light and slightly acidic. You can buy ready-made soil at a flower shop (soil for palm trees is suitable) or make up the soil mixture yourself, based on the following proportions:

  • turf land - 2 parts
  • humus - 1 part
  • sand - 1 part

Another option for the land mixture for planting shefflers is as follows:

  • turf land - 4 parts
  • leaf land - 3 parts
  • humus earth - 2 parts
  • sand - 1 part

You can also make a dredge for shefflers by mixing in equal proportions leafy soil, turf soil and sand.

Lighting

Schefflera is a light-loving plant, but direct sunlight on the leaves is contraindicated. In the autumn-winter period, the sheffler is better to find a place on the south window. In the hot season, it must be shaded from the scorching rays of the sun.

Variegated varieties are especially sensitive to light. In the shade, the color of their leaves will not be too bright and contrasting. In the summer, the sheffler can be taken out into the fresh air, but the plant pot should be placed in light partial shade.

Air humidity

In the summer, sheffler leaves need to be sprayed

She tolerates ordinary room conditions well. Since this plant in nature prefers humid places, it responds well to spraying the leaves. To do this, use soft water. It is better if it is rainy, thawed or settled.

In summer, sheffler leaves are recommended to be sprayed at least every other day. In order to increase the humidity of the air, you can place a container with water or moistened moss next to the plant. In winter, provided that the shefflers are kept in a cool room, the humidity should be reduced.

Temperature

This thermophilic plant is suitable for the room temperature of our apartments. In summer, it will be optimal for 18 - 22 ° C, and in winter - 14 - 16 ° C. Despite the fact that shefflera is from the tropical zone, too high a temperature is harmful to her.

The plant feels great in an apartment

In hot rooms, the growth of shefflers is inhibited. This will be noticeable in the foliage, which becomes lethargic and may fall off. It is undesirable to place the plant near central heating radiators and other heat sources.

Temperatures below 14 ° C or cold drafts can cause the shefflera to shed leaves. Variegated varieties are more demanding on heat: a comfortable winter temperature for them is 18 ° C. At lower rates, they can lose their decorative qualities.

Dormant period

Sheffler needs peace in winter

In winter, the sheffler should be provided with a period of relative rest. At this time, plant growth will stop and spillage should be limited. It is best to put the shefflera pot in a bright room with a temperature of 14 - 16 ° C during the rest period.


Lighting for vines

Most indoor vines like partial shade or even a little shading. But some need a brighter light. These are the species that have "variegated", that is, multi-colored leaves: Scindapsus, Cissus, Syngonium, Ceropegia. Bright light, but in no case direct sunlight, otherwise burns in the form of brown spots will appear on the leaves. The pot with a vine must be turned all the time so that all sides of the plant receive the same share of illumination, otherwise the vine will stretch in one direction and remain forever lopsided.

If you decide to decorate a dark room with a vine, then ivy will suit you. Monstera is also suitable, as well as Cissus Antarctic and Roicissus rhombic.


Types of climbing and ampelous indoor plants

Lianas are divided into curly, climbing and climbing.... For climbing vines, a support is required, around which they twine. Climbing vines can be raised with antennae, bristles, thorns, etc. However, in practice, plants with long shoots that need support are called curly, and plants with hanging shoots are called ampelous... In this article, we will talk about plants that can be used for landscaping in offices, institutions, schools and kindergartens.

Clerodendrum

Among the vines there are beautifully flowering ones, these include the clerodendrum, or wolkameria, from the vervain family. The most popular is the beautiful climbing plant Clerodendrum fragrant... His homeland is Japan. Clerodendrum has red-purple double flowers, collected in bunches. The plant prefers a sunny location and fresh air. In the summer, he needs abundant watering, otherwise the leaves of the plant begin to crumble.

Plants grown from cuttings bloom until autumn. They must be transplanted annually into a sod-peat mixture with an admixture of sand. In the summer, clerodendrum must be sprayed and fed. Clerodendrum can be beautifully shaped by spreading its stems on trellises.

Scindapsus golden

A well-deserved success was received by such a type of creeper as golden scindapsus. Scindapsus from the aroid family. His homeland is tropical Asia. Scindapsus is extremely unpretentious, grows well not only in illuminated places, tolerates temperature changes (but not lower than 15).

The leaves of the scindapsus are leathery, heart-shaped, the plant loves spraying from a spray bottle, especially in the summer. Scindapsus in spring and summer needs additional feeding, when transplanting, add a mixture (leafy earth, humus, peat and sand in equal proportions). The plant reproduces by stem cuttings, both apical and the rest, throughout the year. To make the plant more decorative, you need to plant several cuttings in one pot.

Monstera

The ornamental plant Monstera belongs to the aroid family. It has a round, high-climbing trunk, reaching 5-6 m with aerial roots drooping down and even rooting into the ground, as well as roots that are attached to a wall or other support. The lobed leaves of monstera have the ability to "predict the weather." In summer, before rainy, cloudy days or in winter, during a thaw, water droplets form on the tips of monstera leaves. For this property, the monster is called "crybaby".

Drops on monstera leaves

Monstera is an unpretentious plant, perfectly content with diffused light. However, in the summertime, the monster needs to be watered abundantly, sprayed and fed. In winter, watering should be very moderate. Young plants need to be transplanted annually into an earthen mixture, consisting of a mixture of turf, leaf and humus soil with the obligatory addition of sand... In older specimens, at least the top layer must be renewed annually. Monstera can be propagated by cuttings, offspring, rarely seeds. Stretching upwards, the monstera loses the lower leaves and becomes not very decorative.

After a little time, the tops with one or two leaves are cut off and placed in a pot next to the old plant so that the roots and cut are in the ground (rejuvenation of old plants is obtained).

Beauty monstera

Ivy

Common ivy from the Araliev family. Ivy is native to Southern Europe and North Africa. Evergreen ivy can climb up to 30 m... So, one plant can wrap around the walls of a room. Its shoots touch the support with adventitious roots. Shiny dark green, sometimes variegated leaves with an angular-lobed, rhombic shape are very original.

Ivy

The plant loves a nutritious mixture of sod land and humus with the addition of river sand. IN summer ivy is recommended to be watered abundantly with frequent spraying. In winter, water in moderation, wash the dust from the leaves with warm water. Plush is propagated by cuttings, which are planted in one pot, several pieces at a time, to obtain more ornamental plants. During strong growth, it is necessary to feed the plant with organic or mineral fertilizers.

Cissus

Cissus, which belongs to the grape family, is no less decorative. His homeland is Java and Madagascar. Cissus is attached to the support with antennae. The plant must be watered abundantly, sprayed regularly and fed. There is almost no dormant period in Cissus; in a warm and bright room, plant growth continues in winter, but watering at this time should be reduced.

Old specimens can be replanted less often, but with the indispensable annual renewal of the top layer of the earth. Reproduction of cissus is carried out by cuttings, which can be planted at least in winter, several pieces in one pot.

Wax ivy

Wax ivy from the pinnaceous family. His homeland is India. The plant has leathery, shiny leaves and climbing stems - white flowers with a single center, as if waxy and very fragrant. The drooping flowers are in the form of stars, collected in umbrellas.

Wax ivy grows well, it can beautifully decorate the wall, trellis, but it needs to be tied up, straightening the branches. Waxy ivy grows well in summer in a room with humid air and high temperatures. In the summertime, it must be watered and sprayed abundantly. In winter, the conditions for keeping waxy ivy are sharply opposite - it needs dry, clean air, low temperatures, and occasional watering. It can be propagated by seeds, cuttings and leaves. During the growth period, the plant needs feeding. It is advisable to replant young specimens annually, less often old ones.

Wax ivy

Nephrolepis

Nephrolepis belongs to the fern family. The plant has unusually decorative, hanging light green, feathery leaves called vai. Nephrolepis, due to its unpretentiousness and endurance, is the most-most of the other types of ferns. Its amazingly beautiful leaves can reach up to a meter in length.

Nephrolepis has very long leaves

Nephrolepis needs moist air. On warm, clear days, spraying can be carried out several times.

Nephrolepis requires moderate watering, more in summer than in winter. Nephrolepis can be propagated by the root processes that it forms. The shoots are easily detached and planted in small pots. New plants can be grown from spores that mature on the underside of the wai.

Reproduction of the nephrolepis fern is possible in two ways: by shoots and division.

The plant needs to be fed regularly. A nephrolepis transplant should be carried out in the spring, having prepared an earthen mixture (leafy earth, humus, peat and sand in equal proportions) in advance, while putting a thick layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot. Nephrolepis is well placed in hanging vases, on brackets. In addition, nephrolepis also provides an excellent material for cutting. Its leaves retain their freshness for a long time and serve as an excellent material to complement any bouquet.

Nephrolepis leaves wonderfully complement flower arrangements

Maidenhair

The maidenhair belongs to the fern family. His homeland is Brazil. The maidenhair bush is very effective in the design of the room. Its double and triple dissected feathery leaves on black threadlike elastic petioles are unusually decorative. For this plant, it also has another name - dry stem. This graceful plant loves light, does not like too dry air. Because of this, when, especially hot, frequent spraying and fresh, clean air is required.

Spectacular maidenhair

Excessive dampness, especially in winter, is also detrimental to the plant. Maidenhair is transplanted in the spring, into a pre-prepared nutrient mixture (leafy earth, humus, peat and sand in equal proportions). Transplanted plants require abundant watering and protection from direct sun exposure. Maidenhair pots are best placed in large pots filled with moist moss. Maidenhair leaves are very effective in bouquets.

Round-leaved pellet

The round-leaved pellet from the fern family is no less popular. This is a wonderful ampelous plant. The round-leaved pellea has small round leaves, densely strung on thin petioles. The conditions for keeping it are the same as for other plants of the fern family.

Asparagus

Asparagus, or asparagus, from the lily family, is a spectacular ornamental plant with thin hanging stems. Cascading shoots reach 150-180 cm. Its homeland is South Africa.

There are needle-shaped formations that are unusually diverse, for which the plant is often called a herringbone. The plant looks very impressive during the fruiting period, when its fruits turn red among the lower greenery, and the flowers are inconspicuous.

The plant is gentle and even capricious. It hates the sun. Requires nutritious and dry soil. Asparagus feels good against the wall opposite the window. In the summer, the plant must be watered abundantly and must be sprayed, otherwise its "needles" begin to dry out and crumble. Asparagus responds well to feeding, in winter it should be watered moderately. The plant propagates by dividing the bush during transplantation, it is possible to grow from seeds, but this requires a lot of work and patience. The most common species of asparagus are the pinnate finest as well as the sprenger.

Chlorophytum

The unpretentious ampelous plant chlorophytum is also from the lily family. His homeland is South Africa. This is an ornamental-leaved plant with beautiful drooping shoots, rosettes of leaves are formed in place of faded white flowers.

Chlorophytum

Chlorophytum is extremely undemanding to the conditions of detention. Well tolerates cool rooms, temperature rise. Chlorophytum with white stripes along the leaf prefers sunlit places. In the summer, the plant must be watered abundantly. The plant propagates by layering, leaf rosettes, which form aerial roots plant it in an earthen mixture consisting of leafy, humus greens and sand.

Bindweed begonia

Bindweed begonia is native to Brazil. A plant with light to dark green leaves and white flowers.

Climbing begonia - From Jamaica, this plant has glossy green leaves, white flowers and long stems. This decorative ampelous plant is suitable for decorating walls, trellises. Begonias are unpretentious, but development takes place better in a room where there is more humidity. They reproduce by stem cuttings. The plant looks more decorative when many cuttings are planted in the pot.

Bindweed begonia

Campanula

Campanula, or brittle bell, belongs to the bellflower family. The birthplace of Campanula is Southern Italy. This is a gentle ampelous plant with white and blue flowers, called "bride and groom". The color covers all plants so densely that it is almost impossible to see small heart-shaped delicate leaves. In winter, Campanula loves a bright and cool place with extremely moderate watering.

Last year's shoots are pruned, and in the spring new shoots begin to develop at the campanula, giving abundant flowers.

Hypocyrt

A plant such as a hypocyrte of the garner family is quite rare. The homeland of hypocyrt is Brazil. This ampelous plant has densely set ovoid, small in size, dense and shiny leaves. The orange hypocyrta flowers are original, somewhat similar to snapdragon flowers.

Hypocyrt

Hypocyrta deserves special attention because it blooms in the coldest time. Hypocyrta propagates by cuttings, which can be cut and planted regardless of the season, it is better, of course, in spring, several cuttings fit into the pot and the plant gets a more decorative look. A hypocyrte needs a soil mixture (leaf earth, humus, peat and coarse sand equally), with the addition of charcoal. During flowering, the hypocyrt should be washed frequently with water.

Ahimenez

Ahimenes is no less interesting. Ahimenes is also a member of the garner family. Abundantly flowering, unpretentious ampelous plant has flowers of different colors, purple, red, blue and even white. The plant is light-loving, it is not afraid of direct sunlight. In summer it is necessary to water abundantly, then watering decreases and completely stops in winter. The stems of Achimenes die off, after which the pots are removed to a cool place and the plant is watered once a month. In the spring, they are transplanted into new land, and the plant blooms.

Stefanotis

Stefanotis is an abundantly flowering plant that belongs to the pinnaceous family. His homeland is the island of Madagascar. This is a beautiful climbing plant with not very large, dense, glossy leaves. The flowers of Stephanotis are tubular, collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence, the flowers have a pleasant smell, which intensifies in the evening.

Stephanotis flowers

Long shoots of stephanotis spread well along the trellis. Stephanotis needs partial shade.The plant needs moderate and regular watering, which does not allow the soil to dry out. In spring and summer, Stephanotis needs a weekly feeding. With regular fertilization, the flowers of Stephanotis become larger and last longer. Stephanotis propagates by cuttings, which are previously placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The plant needs an earthen mixture (leaf earth, humus, peat and sand equally), with the obligatory addition of charcoal. To make Stephanotis look more spectacular, several plants are planted in one pot.

Stefanotis in the house

Indoor jasmine

Indoor jasmine - from the olive family. His homeland is tropical Asia. It is an evergreen shrub with fragrant white flowers that bloom to fill the room with a wonderful delicate scent. Jasmine blooms up to eight months a year. Jasmine also has one more property, it secretes phytoncides that kill pathogenic microbes.

Indoor jasmine

Jasmine is a thermophilic plant, so it feels better at a temperature of 20-22. This light-loving plant requires careful maintenance and needs frequent spraying and regular watering. From the end of winter until the beginning of the next jasmine needs to be fed. Heavy watering and frequent fertilization are good for growth but delay flowering. In springtime, long jasmine branches need to be shortened to give it the desired beautiful shape. Jasmine is propagated by cuttings and layering. Young plants need to be replanted annually.

Climbing plants are successfully used to decorate homes and offices. Their beauty is that they have excellent decorative properties, they take up a large space, which makes it possible to successfully plant greenery in the premises. Climbing plants can be decorative deciduous or flowering.


Reproduction

Reproduction of syngonium is a simple procedure. Since seeds cannot be obtained at home due to the lack of flowering, a vegetative method is used.

Rooting order of leaf or apical cuttings:

    Cut the top of the vine about 15 cm long from a healthy plant at least 3 years old. The middle part of the shoot is also suitable.

The apical cuttings of the syngonium should have a stem length of 15 cm

  • Soak the planting material for 3-5 hours in a rooting stimulator and dry for about a day.
  • Place the cuttings in a container with boiled water warmed to room temperature, in which 2-3 tablets of activated carbon are dissolved, or in coarse sand, perlite, vermiculite, crushed sphagnum moss, peat chips. The components can be mixed approximately equally. Cuttings are stuck into the substrate with a cut down, parts of the stem are placed horizontally, slightly sprinkling on top.
  • Cover the containers with glass jars or cut-off plastic bottles. Provide bright light and a constant temperature of 25–28 ºC.
  • Air your plantings daily to avoid rot. Moisten the substrate as it dries.

    If you root cuttings in water, make sure that it is always at the right level, that is, it covers the growth points of the roots.

    After about a month, plant the rooted cuttings in individual pots, care for them as if they were mature plants.

    A rooted cutting can be transplanted within a month.

    Video: reproduction of syngonium by stem cuttings


  • Watch the video: 5 COMMON MISTAKES IN CACTUS CARE


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