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Blueberries and blueberries are similar berries. They belong to the same heather family. A person without experience will not be able to immediately determine which berry is in front of him.
And experienced gardeners do it without difficulty. There is a big difference between blueberries and blueberries. We will tell you how to distinguish these two berries in this article.
Blueberry bushes are much taller than blueberry bushes. They can be up to 1.5 m in height. The direction of growth of most bushes is vertical. Blueberry is a creeping plant.
The stem stiffens along its entire height, and blueberries have green, not stiff shoots. The stem is lighter than blueberry. Their leaves are also different from each other. Blueberry leaves are ovoid with a sharp tip and slightly serrated edges. The foliage on the bushes is slightly wider and with blunt tops.
Berries on blueberry bushes are arranged individually. On blueberry bushes, the arrangement of the berries resembles bunches. Blueberries are slightly smaller than blueberries. They are round in shape. Blueberries are slightly elongated and pear-shaped. Blueberries are dark blue in color, almost black, with a slight touch.
Blueberries are blue-gray in color. The flesh of blueberries is dark blue in color, and blueberries are greenish. Blueberry juice instantly turns hands into a persistent dark blue color. It is often used as a colorant. Blueberry juice is colorless and not easily soiled.
Blueberry berries have a distinct and rich flavor. Blueberries are sour and watery.
Blueberries are not included in the list of cultivated plants and are not used for cultivation. It requires wild conditions of nature. Breeding work is carried out mainly with blueberries.
Berries differ in many ways. To determine which of them is more useful, you need to consider their composition.
Blueberry is a low-calorie berry. It has only 57 kcal. 100 fresh berries contain 1.1 g of protein, 0.6 g of fat, 7.6 g of carbohydrates, 87 g of water and 0.4 g of ash. Blueberries are rich in a variety of ingredients. It contains tannins, organic acids, vitamin C, vitamin B, carotene.
Blueberry leaves are also enriched with valuable ingredients.
The berry has medicinal properties. It is used to prevent visual impairment. Plants are added to pharmaceutical formulations. The plant has astringent properties. Therefore, it is taken for diarrhea. Berries are rich in antioxidants and help in the prevention of malignant tumors.
Systemic use reduces the risk of developing pathologies of the heart and blood vessels, diabetes. Supporters of treatment using folk methods use it for purulent wounds on the skin, burns, and pathologies of the bladder. The pulp is added to face masks.
In addition to berries, blueberry foliage is also considered healing. Decoctions are made from it.
Blueberry is contraindicated for people suffering from constipation, diseases of the pancreas and duodenum.
100 grams of fresh berries contain 1 g of protein, 6.6 g of carbohydrates, 0.5 g of fat. The berry is 88% water. It also includes pigments, fiber, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, carotenoids, provitamin A, vitamin C, PP, K, vitamins of group B. Calorie content - 39 kcal.
Thanks to anthocyanins, blueberries are able to resist cancer. The pectins included in the berries remove radionuclides and heavy metals. Vitamin P, which the berries are rich in, helps in the prevention of varicose veins and increases vascular elasticity.
The berry is recommended for diabetics. The berry normalizes metabolic processes, lowers blood sugar and enhances the effectiveness of medications. Blueberries have a tonic effect. Polyphenols dilate blood vessels. Vitamin A helps relieve tension and restore vision. Berries are useful for normalizing the functional activity of memory.
Teas and decoctions from dry berries are used as anti-dysentery and antidiarrheal agents. Blueberry leaves are used as raw materials for healthy drinks.
Many northern berry lovers are concerned about whether it is possible to grow blueberries and blueberries at home. Compared to blueberries, blueberries are not domestic or industrial crops.
Blueberries are a lover of the forest environment. For cultivation in the home garden, you should first prepare the planting material and create the most similar soil conditions. It is necessary to choose a suitable site a month before planting and organize it. Blueberries prefer sunny or partial shade areas.
The soil must be dug 0.6 m deep. It is advisable to add sulfur in powder form, oak foliage and coniferous needles to the soil. This is necessary to regulate the required acidity.
Under each blueberry bush, a hole should be dug with a diameter of 0.5 - 0.6 m and a depth of 0.5 m. Peat crumbs mixed with earth are added to the hole. The same mixture is poured into the hole from above.
It is better to take seedlings in the forest. They should be dug up with a lump of native land. Give preference to short and young bushes. If they are absent, you can take mature ones, and after disembarkation, shorten the upper part.
Planting material can be grown from seeds. To do this, knead the ripe blueberries and transfer them to a container. Pour water into the blueberry mass. Low-quality material will float up. Remove the pulp and seeds remaining at the bottom, spread on a cloth towel and dry.
Then sow a few seeds in a pot of damp peat and sand. Close the top of the container with a film or glass and place it in an illuminated place with temperature indicators from 5 to 10 degrees above zero. If all the recommendations are followed, the first sprouts appear in a month. After 14 days, they are transplanted into larger pots and grown in them throughout the year. Next, blueberries are planted on the site.
When planting, they take seedlings with a lump of their native land. The edges of the root system are moistened with water and placed in a depression. The earth should be loosened, and the roots should be straightened. Fill the groove with soil, compact, moisten and mulch with needles, dry oak or maple leaves. In compliance with all the rules of cultivation and care, blueberries bear fruit for 20 years.
Inexperienced gardeners should know that blueberries are not classified into varieties. In the market, unscrupulous sellers can sell blueberry seedlings as planting material.
Blueberries prefer to grow in swamps, rocky tundra, forest thickets and taiga. The best varieties for growing at home are "Patriot", "Iksinskaya", "Blue Ray", "Taiga beauty".
Blueberries prefer acidic drainage soils and mineral fertilizers. Organic additives negatively affect the plant.
The planting technique differs from the cultivation of blueberries in that the diameter of the holes is smaller. Also, before planting, it is necessary to destroy a clod of earth with your hands and place them in warm water for 20 minutes. After this time, place the seedlings in the earthen hollows.
The berry prefers moderate watering. With a low acidity in the soil, acidification is carried out. During winters with little snow, blueberry bushes insulate.
Blueberries, unlike blueberries, are more demanding in terms of storage and transportation. Berries picked in a warm season spoil quickly. The optimal storage temperature is considered to be a temperature from 0 to 4 degrees above zero. In such conditions, the berry is stored for 14 days.
In frozen form, blueberries are stored for a year.
Blueberries, unlike blueberries, are very demanding in terms of collection, storage rules and transportation. In order to preserve its presentation, fresh berries in large volumes should be transported in a special refrigerator in compliance with the required temperature standards. Amateur gardeners are also advised to carefully pick and carry berries.
Blueberries and blueberries are stored frozen, canned, dried. They are suitable for compotes and preserves.
Knowing all the differences between blueberries and blueberries, you can safely and confidently harvest yourself or purchase it on the market. And which berry to prefer is an individual choice of everyone. After all, each of them has many of its own characteristics.
Blueberries and bilberries belong to the Heather family and have a lot in common, but they are not the same thing. They belong to different types of plants, each has its own characteristics and it is not difficult to distinguish them from each other.
Both berries are found in the wild. In stores, you can find garden blueberries bred by breeders. It is as useful as wild. As for blueberries, they practically do not grow in gardens and you need to go to the forest for them.
Blueberry bushes grow up to 40 cm in height, and their rounded black and blue berries grow up to 8 mm in diameter. Blueberry bloom begins at the end of May, and the first harvest can be taken in mid-July. Usually blueberries grow extensively in the Urals, in the forests of the Caucasus, in Siberia, giving preference to rich forest soils. Its berries contain a whole arsenal of nutrients and vitamins that have a beneficial effect on the human body, especially improve vision. In folk medicine, blueberry leaves are also widely used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, burns, diabetes mellitus and stomatitis.
Despite all their advantages, blueberries are not yet included in the list of cultivated plants and therefore are not used for cultivation in agricultural conditions. Berries are usually harvested in the wild.
Blueberries and blueberries are very high in nutrients and elements. Berries are good for vision, cardiovascular system. In this, there is almost no difference between the berries.
IN blueberries contain anthocyaninswhich are very beneficial for vision.
Blueberries are also good for blood vessels. The berry contains a lot of flavonoids that strengthen blood vessels. And it can also be used for atherosclerosis and any circulatory disorders.
Blueberries contain special hormone resverotrolwhich rejuvenates the body. The use of berries will help to delay old age and keep the skin young.
Blueberries are also rich in pectins. These elements remove harmful and toxic substances from the body.
Speaking about the difference between blueberries and blueberries, one cannot but mention the chemical composition of the berries. For many, the question of choosing between berries is decided not on the basis of taste preferences, but on the basis of the benefits of the product. Let's consider their compositions and compare:
|Amount of carbohydrates (per 100 g)||14,5||8,2|
|Protein content (per 100 g)||0,7||1,0|
|Fat (in 100 g)||0,3||0,4|
|Dietary fiber (per 100 g)||2,4||1,2|
|Vitamin A (mg)||0,54||0,25|
|Vitamin B1 (mg)||0,037||0,02|
|Vitamin C (mg)||9,8||18|
|Vitamin PP (mg)||0,4||0,28|
|Vitamin K (mcg)||19||19|
|Calorie content (kcal per 100 g)||50||40|
The table clearly illustrates the difference in the chemical composition of the berries. At first glance, blueberries contain more vitamins, which means their benefits for the body are higher. However, blueberries are great for your health too.
The healing properties of forest fruits are provided not only by vitamins in their composition, but also by other useful substances. For example, blueberries contain iron that is easily absorbed by the body, and blueberries hold the record for manganese content among plant foods. If possible, it is worth including in the diet both one and the second berry.
Blueberries have many beneficial properties, but perhaps the most famous is the ability to restore vision and relieve eye fatigue. Blueberry extract is even used in mainstream medicine as a vision enhancer. Medicines with blueberries are prescribed with a decrease in visual acuity, and fresh berries are recommended to be introduced into the diet of those who often work at a computer, with small objects, straining their eyes. In addition, blueberries are useful for:
Blueberries are good for you
Both berries contain organic acids, antioxidants, and intestinal fiber. They have a pleasant taste and rarely provoke allergies. In the "berry season" do not miss the opportunity to saturate the body with useful substances, eat both blueberries and blueberries!
Blueberry shrubs are higher, about 0.5-1.5 meters high. The leaves and flowers are the same shape and color. Blueberry berries are larger, bluish-blue in color. From one cultivated shrub, you can collect up to 10 liters (bucket) of fruit.
Blueberries are in no way inferior in composition to blueberries. It is a storehouse of vitamins, trace elements, sugar, pectin, organic acids, fiber... Blueberries tend to increase concentration. Very often, berries are used by diabetics to lower blood sugar levels. If the fruits are rubbed with sugar and consumed in this form in food, then cystitis, gastritis with low acidity can be cured. It is also useful to use them to strengthen blood vessels, with anemia and heart disease. Doctors advise drinking blueberry and blueberry juices to improve memory.
In nature, both plants prefer cold and temperate climates, and are found in forests and wetlands. Blueberries are low, up to 40 cm, with green, flexible shoots, on which lonely berries are visible. Grows in coniferous, more often pine forests. Blueberry bushes are higher, 0.5 m, sometimes they rise up to 1 m, lignified shoots, berries are collected in bunches. They grow in open areas, and are also found in the Caucasus. The leaves are ovoid, similar, since both shrubs belong to the same family - Heather.
At first glance, blueberries and blueberries are difficult to distinguish for a beginner. But each has its own characteristics even in appearance - the skin of one and the other is covered with a bluish bloom, the difference is visible in color. Blueberry fruits are round, dark blue, almost black ball. Blueberries are gray-blue, large, up to 12 mm, weighing 1 g, slightly elongated.
Photo: blueberries and blueberries differ in skin color.